The region formed by the Kütahya-Afyonkarahisar-Eskişehir triangle used to be defined as the mountains setting for 'Phrygia Epictecus'(little Phrygia).But today it is known as 'the Valley of Phyrgia'.The region starts at the village of New Bosna,which is 7 km away to the city center,and extends to the village of Ovacık,which is 54 km away from Kütahya,along the eastern part of the province.The Northern part includes the caves of 'Sabuncupınar,Söğüt,İnli,Sökmen,Fındık,and İncik'and Ovacık Village and İnlice District are in the southern part.
The Valley of Phrygia are covered with the tufa rock of Mount Türkmen,an extinct volcano to the east of Kütahya.The valley was settled by the Phyrgians during the years 900-600 B.C.As the tufa rock of volcanoes is easily worked the Phyrgians used it to create many things by carving an inlaying.Many historical structures which were dedicated to the goddess Kybele have survived to the present day.Amongst these are:open air temples,altars,rock tombs and buildings erected for defence and shelter.Later the Romans then the Byzantines settled in the area.Of the churces and natural chapels found in this region one can stil distinguish the crosses from natural dye,meandering patterns,writing and frescos.There are also natural castles,''Deliktaş Castle''and ''Penteser Castle''which were created by Phyrgians and Byzantines by carving the rock.
Although Phyrgians are indo-european in origin they soon became Anatolians.However they were influenced by both Ionian and late Hittite culture,and they were able to create an authentic Anatolian culture.Phyrgian Works of wood and weaving were in great demand in Ionian markets and their craftsmen were much copied by the Ionians.Among these works are bronze plates with handles and bronze cauldrons;stringy-hooked pins made of gold,silver and bronze renowned at the time for its advanced technique;belts,hairclips from precious metals,richly -adorned textiles and furniture decorated with geometrical patterns.Their weaving of rugs in a style known as 'Tapates'influenced the carpet and rug design of subsequent Anatolian civilizations.
Kutahya > Valley of Phrygia
- 15 Kasım 2011 SalıYazdır
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